Study suggests people who use nicotine gum or patches to quit smoking are just as likely to have relapsed a few years later
Chewing nicotine gum or using nicotine-replacement patches offers no advantage in keeping smokers off cigarettes in the long term, according to scientists. They say that while nicotine-replacement therapies (NRTs) could be useful in the early stages of combatting withdrawal, public health bodies should reconsider their reliance on these techniques as a way to reduce the number of people who smoke.
Randomised-controlled trials have previously shown that NRTs double the likelihood that people who give up cigarettes will remain off them six months later. In the latest study, however, which looked at outcomes in the general population after a few years, the NRTs were less impressive.
Between 2001 and 2006, scientists periodically questioned a group of people who had recently quit smoking and found that around third relapsed every few years. The group using NRTs such as patches and gum were no less likely to relapse than those who had relied on willpower or other methods.
Read the article om The Guardian here