Definition and causes of whiplash injury
A whiplash injury occurs when the head is thrown forward at high speed and then quickly hurled back. This injury is seen primarily in accidents, for example in car collisions where a vehicle is rammed from the rear.
The violent force impacting the neck leads to sprain and damage to the neck muscles and ligaments and possibly spinal joints.
Symptoms of whiplash
The symptoms appear as:
Treatment of whiplash
Outlook and complications
Damage to the muscles and ligaments around neck spinal joints usually takes 4 to 6 weeks to heal. A certain percentage of patients will develop chronic symptoms such as: